ECI lead: Dr John Ingram
How do we promote a healthier diet which has a lower environmental impact and also enhances local and national enterprise? By starting with the meal and working backwards through the supply chain to the grower, BeanMeals research will be based on a ‘fork-to-farm’ concept – a reversal of the usual production-led ‘farm-to-fork’ model.
Promoting UK-grown beans in healthy school meals
BeanMeals is a research project and we're aiming to understand how we get more UK grown beans into our diets, and here we are in a school where we're working with the school caterers to have new formulations for school lunches to see how the children like the new recipes. The essence of the BeanMeals project is to think about the fork from farm journey that the beans will have taken to get onto the plates here in the school. Where did the school caterers get their beans from? How were those delivered? From where, what were the processes involved in cleaning the beans so they're fit for human consumption? How did those people get the beans from the farm? And so the story goes backwards from the plate to the farm.
Here we've got new varieties of common bean growing which are adapted to the lovely UK summer. We've got Godiva which is the new variety we're using in our BeanMeals project in schools. The dry bean crop is a summer crop which we sow in the second week of May and harvest in the first week of September. Now at their flowering stage they will be forming their associations with important bacteria, which means they can then fix their own nitrogen from the atmosphere. It takes about 100 days from sowing to harvesting and at that harvesting stage the beans will be completely dry and go straight into a combine harvester. We make sure the seed is clean so there's no bits of stones or other debris in there, and then it goes straight to the school kitchens.
Once the beans have left the field they start their journey to the plate. There are lots of opportunities for business – there's transport business, there's the processing business, there's the retailing. So there's a lot of research to be done based on the concept of the food system, and the food system is a way of describing all the processes that happen from fork to farm. And we're contributing to that research and knowledge base by using beans as a real example to help the health of the children but also to seek the alternative business opportunities along that supply chain.
We've had lessons with Year 5 in developing the Beantopia game and that's really interesting because that does show the process from the beans on the farm going through to actually on the plates. In terms of the work that we're doing in schools, we're looking at promoting a healthy diet using plant-based and promoting that there's alternatives as well as to having a meat diet, but also having them together as well. So it is about having that well-balanced healthy approach to food. And getting children to try foods as well that maybe they haven't tried before. So the children have enjoyed being part of the project, looking at where the beans are from and they've enjoyed then having a go at trying the beans as well.
We're really grateful for the support and encouragement from local schools like this, from the local community, Leicestershire County Council, Leicester city council and the various other non-academic partners we're working with. So I think going to the future, we hope to see a continuation of the effort and already we're picking up opportunities for collaboration with other projects, not only to see the agricultural benefit but also the benefit for diet and the benefit for local enterprise.
Moderating consumption of foods that are high in fats, sugar and salt (HFSS) requires coordinated action across the food system. Our research will explore how to transform the food system based on systemic innovation in institutional catering and home-cooking by using healthier ingredients, new public procurement practices and more-local products.
Our research will feature meals made from two quick-cooking navy bean varieties which have recently been developed for UK growing conditions by the University of Warwick. The Capulet and Godiva beans are suitable for a wide range of easily-prepared institutional- and home-cooked meals with lower fat, salt and sugar content.
The production of Capulet is poised to scale-up with UK-based commercial partners. This will reduce the amount of dry navy beans (used in tinned baked beans) imported from North America, so lessening the environmental costs of shipping and opening new local enterprise opportunities.
The environmental benefits of increased production and consumption of UK bean-based meals include:
- Reduced fertilizer demand on subsequent crops: beans are a N-fixing rotation crop, leading to reduced GHG related to fertilizer manufacture, and reduced N2O emissions and runoff from agriculture
- Reduced water and energy use from more efficient processing – the beans cook quickly
- Reduced transport emissions from more local supply chains and lower importation of dry beans.
We aim to develop and analyse systemic innovations for reducing HFSS consumption in institutional and home-cooking by using UK-grown navy beans. Research will start with preparation and consumption of the meal, and work backwards though the ‘missing middle’ – the retailers/wholesalers, distributors, secondary and primary processors, and the associated logistics – to the grower. By crossing research disciplines with innovation topics in its research design, we will determine both how best to bring about systemic innovation, and analyse the health, environment and enterprise impacts of the transformed system.
Putting beans on the plate: Analysis of UK demand and supply of beans and plant-based proteins
This report describes UK demand and supply of plant-based alternatives to meat, for human consumption, and the role of beans. The aim is to provide a better understanding of the current and potential future demand for, and supply of, beans and how this fits into a broader shift to plant-based foods.
The project will centre on Leicestershire, and has been co-designed with a range of local partners co-convened by Leicestershire County Council (LCC), including:
- Leicestershire County Council
- Leicester City Council
- Food for Life
- Leicester and Leicestershire Enterprise Partnership (LLEP)
- Campden BRI
- Other local and national stakeholders.
The potential benefits at the UK-level have been identified by organisations with a national remit, including Defra, FSA, NFU, WWF and CIWF.
This latest investment from UKRI adds to four large consortia project awards and a Centre for Doctoral Training (CDT). Find out more about the Transforming the UK Food System for Healthy People and a Healthy Environment SPF programme.