IN-BEE: Assessing the intangibles: the socioeconomic benefits of improving energy efficiency

European Commission (Horizon 2020)

ECI lead: Dr Tina Fawcett

IN-BEE explored the intangible or multiple benefits of energy efficiency. These are the many social, economic and environmental benefits delivered by efficiency improvements, in addition to energy savings.

Our work

The seven project partners included universities, research organisations and consultancies. We employed a multi-disciplinary approach, combining methods, datasets and techniques from research in law, economics, consumer behaviour, regulation and environmental sciences, as well as engineering.
IN-BEE work delivered:

  • A review of the range of change theories related to both routine actions and investment decisions for individuals and organisations
  • A review of how, where and why multiple benefits arguments influence energy efficiency decision-making
  • An analysis of energy efficiency trends and policy in the EU
  • Case studies of the inclusion of multiple benefits in the design, planning or evaluation of energy efficiency projects, programmes or policies
  • Best practices and recommendations.


IN-BEE project: Case Study E-SPAS

Jens Koehrsen

January 2017

E-SPAS (Energie Sparen An Schulen) is an energy education program at primary schools in Emden, north western Germany. The objective is to raise awareness about energy efficiency and to convey practical know-how about energy saving in households.