Environmental Change Institute, University of Oxford

Conversion and use of energy are associated with many environmental problems, notably the ‘wicked problem’ of climate change. The ECI’s energy research programme focusses on the issues raised by our need for transition to secure, low-environmental-impact and equitable energy systems. This will involve changes in technology, skills, activities, knowledge, markets, policy and governance.


Our work is organised into themes each led by a senior researcher, and with extensive collaboration across the programme.

Energy Systems and Governance

Focuses on major changes to whole energy systems, including the way they are organized and how decisions are made. Led by Nick Eyre.

Projects +

Energy Demand Policy

Focuses on existing and potential policies to reduce energy demand, including work on equity and fuel poverty issues. Led by Tina Fawcett.

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Energy Monitoring and Analytics

Focuses on developments in energy and environmental monitoring. Led by Russell Layberry.

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Focuses on ways to balance supply and demand, including storage, demand response, networks and generation. Led by Philipp Grunewald.

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Smart systems and everyday life

Focuses on human dimensions of energy systems, including human-technology interfaces, the relationship between everyday practices and energy use, decision-making, social learning and the role of ICT. Led by Sarah Darby.

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Builders and Buildings

Focuses on the practices and processes of innovation in the construction industry, and its potential role in delivering and maintaining low-energy buildings. Led by Gavin Killip.

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Energy, Organisations and Society

Focuses on the dual role of organisations as energy consumers and as providers of energy-consuming goods and services.

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Transport and Mobility

Focuses on reduced energy consumption, behavioural change and socio-technical transitions towards low-carbon, clean and energy efficient transport systems. Led by Christian Brand across ECI/TSU.

Projects +

Energy news

Research outputs

Strategic review of UK energy efficiency programmes finds savings of upto 10%

A new study co-authored by Dr Nick Eyre sheds light on what works, where the gaps are, and future priorities for researchers and policy makers.

  • Jun 2015

Dr Sarah Darby reviews progress towards the planned roll-out of smart energy meters by 2020.

The report, led by Sarah Darby, was commissioned by DEFRA and gathered evidence from projects around the UK which looked into householder engagement with smart meters, evidence around changing behaviours and energy feedback among others.

  • Mar 2015

Latest publications

More publications

Lower Carbon Futures Team photo

Energy Programme staff

 Kaya Axelsson Kaya AxelssonResearch Assistant - Net Zero
Dr Nick BanksDr Nick BanksPostdoctoral Researcher in Local Energy Systems
Dr Jake BarnesDr Jake BarnesResearcher
Dr Brenda BoardmanDr Brenda BoardmanEmeritus Research Fellow
Dr Christian BrandDr Christian BrandSenior Research Fellow and Associate Professor
Dr Sarah DarbyDr Sarah DarbyAssociate Professor and Acting Leader, Energy Programme
Dr James DixonDr James DixonResearcher in Modelling Energy and Transport Systems
 Clare Downing Clare DowningCentre Manager (CREDS)
 Aimee Eeles Aimee EelesKnowledge Exchange Manager (Business), (CREDS)
Professor Nick EyreProfessor Nick EyreProfessor of Energy and Climate Policy
Dr Tina FawcettDr Tina FawcettSenior Researcher and Acting Deputy Leader, ECI Energy Programme
Dr Helen GavinDr Helen GavinKnowledge Exchange Researcher (Business and Policy) and Programme Manager, Oxford Martin Programme on Integrating Renewable Energy (Integrate)
 Sam Hampton Sam HamptonResearcher
 Paula Hansen Paula HansenPostdoctoral Researcher in Community Energy
 Hannah Harris Hannah HarrisWebsite and Communication Officer (CREDS)
 Kay Jenkinson Kay JenkinsonKnowledge Exchange Officer (Business and Policy) (CREDS)
Dr Gavin KillipDr Gavin KillipResearcher
Dr Russell LayberryDr Russell LayberrySenior Researcher
Dr Colin NoldenDr Colin NoldenResearcher in the Politics of Energy Demand
 Anne L Ryan Anne L RyanCREDS Centre Administrator and Oxford Energy Network Co-ordinator
 Sarah Wakeling Sarah WakelingCREDS Administrator
 Heather Waller Heather WallerAdministrative Assistant - Lower Carbon Futures Programme and Climate Research Lab

Doctoral research

Laura Brinker

Energy decisions and governance: implications of retail market design for decentralized energy resources

Supervisor: Prof. Nick Eyre

Bill Finnegan

Education in the climate emergency: Smart grids, digital storytelling and the quest for net-zero schools in the UK

Supervisors: Dr Sarah Darby; Dr Tina Fawcett

Samuel Miller McDonald

Egalitarian Energy: Challenges to Neoliberal Discourse in Distributed Community Energy Programs

Supervisors: Prof. Nick Eyre; Dr Aoife Brophy Haney

Jose Ramirez Mendiola

Residential electricity demand: a modelling analysis of the dynamics of household activity and energy consumption patterns

Supervisors: Prof. Nick Eyre; Prof. Jim Hall

Aven Satre Meloy

Characterising temporal aspects of residential electricity consumption using advanced multivariate statistics

Supervisors: Prof. Nick Eyre; Dr Philipp Grünewald

Oxford University Energy Network
Oxford University Climate Network