IN-BEE: Intangible benefits of energy efficiency

IN-BEE is an EU Horizon 2020-funded project, whose aim is to research the 'intangible' or multiple benefits of energy efficiency. These are the many social, economic and environmental benefits delivered by efficiency improvements, in addition to energy savings.

There are seven project partners, including universities, research organisations and consultancies. We are employing a multi-disciplinary approach, combining methods, datasets and techniques from research in law, economics, consumer behaviour, regulation and environmental sciences, as well as engineering.

IN-BEE has a number of strands of work, and will deliver:

  • A review of the range of change theories which relate to both routine actions and investment decisions for individuals and organisations.
  • A review of how, where and why multiple benefits arguments are influencing energy efficiency decision-making
  • An analysis of energy efficiency trends and policy in the EU
  • Case studies of the inclusion of multiple benefits in the design, planning or evaluation of energy efficiency projects, programmes or policies
  • Best practices and recommendations

Image, right: International Energy Agency's multiple benefits diagram (IEA 2014)


  • IEA (2014). Capturing the multiple benefits of energy efficiency. Paris, International Energy Agency.

  • ECI outputs for IN-BEE

    This list includes outputs to which ECI has made a significant contribution.

  • A review of frameworks for assessing multiple impacts of energy efficiency and the underlying theoretical models of change

    ECI outputs for IN-BEE

    Research contributed by ECI Visiting Research Fellow, Jens Koehrsen (Assistant Professor at Centre for Religion, Economy, and Politics, University of Basel):

  • Case study of an energy education programme in primary schools in Emden, Germany
  • Ripple effect on water

    Project details