The Centre is a new national hub for research on energy demand research. It began on the 1st April 2018 and will run for 5 years, with funding from UK Research and Innovation. It builds on the work of the existing six End Use Energy Demand Centres.
Energy demand reduction is a UK success story, with a 15% fall in final energy consumption since 2004. Major further reductions are possible and will be needed, as part of a transformation of the energy system to low carbon, to deliver the goals of the Paris Agreement and UK carbon budgets. Moreover, a low carbon energy system will be increasingly reliant upon inflexible and variable electricity generation, and therefore demand will also need to become more responsive and use different fuels. In short, changes in energy demand reduction will need to go further and faster, and demand will need to become more flexible.
These challenges have far-reaching implications for technology, business models, social practices and policy. Our vision is for energy demand research in the UK to rise to these challenges. The Centre's ambition is to lead whole systems work on energy demand in the UK, collaborating with a wider community both at home and internationally. We aim to deliver globally leading research on energy demand, to secure much greater impact for energy demand research and to champion the importance of energy demand for delivering environmental, social and economic goals.
Our research programme is inter-disciplinary, recognising that technical and social change are inter-dependent and coevolve. It is organised into six Themes. Three of these address specific issues in the major sectors of energy use, namely: buildings, transport and industry. The remaining three address more cross-cutting issues that drive changing patterns of demand, namely the potential for increased flexibility, the move towards a digital society, and energy policy and governance.
Each Theme has a research programme that has been developed in discussion with key stakeholders and will provide the capacity for the Centre to inform debate, deliver impact and share knowledge in its specific area of work. The Themes will also undertake collaborative work, with our first joint task being to assess the role of energy demand in delivering the objectives of the UK Government's Clean Growth Strategy.
The Centre also includes Challenges that respond to cross-thematic questions for UK energy demand. These will be developed in consultation over the first year of the Centre, and therefore only one is included in the initial plan: on the decarbonisation of heat.
The Centre functions as a national focus for inter-disciplinary research on energy demand. In doing this it will need to respond to a rapidly evolving energy landscape. It therefore retains 25% of its funds to allocate during the lifetime of the Centre. These funds will support further challenges and a 'Flexible Fund', which will be used to support research on emerging research questions, in particular through support for early career researchers.
We are working closely with key stakeholders in business and policy to design our research programme and we plan detailed knowledge exchange activities to ensure that the work of the UK energy demand research community has broader societal impact.
The plans for the Centre are set out in a more detail in this presentation and on the theme and Challenge pages.