Fawcett, Kevin Lane, Brenda Boardman, et al. (2000) Lower Carbon Futures, for European Households, Energy and Environment Programme, Environmental Change Institute, University of Oxford, UK.
This report presents policy solutions to the problem of domestic carbon emissions and identifies routes to lower carbon futures. Policy opportunities for more efficient use of gas and electricity and fuel switching for lights, appliances and water heating, and quantification of the resultant carbon savings, for the UK, Netherlands and Portugal are also discussed.
While the report offers detailed analysis and policy advice to the European Commission and member governments on ensuring the reduction of household carbon emissions, its intended audience is far wider. It will be useful for anyone wanting to understand energy demand and the options for less environmentally damaging modes of consumption in the future. Without further policy action, domestic energy consumption is predicted to increase, significant opportunities for savings are available - policies to save 2.5 million tonnes of carbon (17%) by 2010, in the UK alone, are presented. For the UK, Netherlands and Portugal combined, the savings increase to 30% by 2020.
This document is supporting material for Lower Carbon Futures , and contains detailed research on energy consumption in all 15 EU countries. It gives as comprehensive picture as possible of current domestic energy use, both by fuel and end-use, for each member state, and discusses expected trends in energy consumption.
Data are presented for each country, where available, concerning households and population, natural gas, the domestic energy market, space heating, water heating, cooking, lights and appliances, and policies and programmes for domestic efficiency.
While very good data are available for the UK, Netherlands and Portugal, detailed research and modelling has also been carried out for a number of other countries. The importance of electricity use by lighting and appliances has tended to be underestimated in the past, and the data presented here suggest that this is still the case for several EU countries - this report and the discussion in Lower Carbon Futures indicate where information is incomplete and highlights areas for improvement and progress.