Environmental Change Institute, University of Oxford

EU SAVE Programme: Ovens


The EU SAVE programme (Specific Actions for Vigorous Energy Efficiency) is the union-wide programme dedicated to promoting energy efficiency in industry, commerce and the domestic sector.

This project was a European-wide study to identify policy options to improve the efficiency of domestic electric and gas ovens and to develop a common basis for possible national actions (eg a technology procurement programme or education initiatives). A wide range of possibilities to improve energy efficiency, and related policy options in the context of climate policies.

The work was organised into six tasks:

  • Task 1: establish the real life energy consumption of the ovens concerned, as opposed to the energy consumption according to the test standard.
  • Task 2: provide a statistical analysis of the European gas and electric ovens market.
  • Task 3: review, identify, and analyse energy-saving design options for domestic ovens.
  • Task 4: assess the environmental impacts of scenarios concerning the efficiency improvements of domestic ovens. A stock model methodology was used.
  • Task 5: analyse the different impacts of efficiency policies on manufacturers.
  • Task 6: provide the information necessary to develop an appropriate mix of policies.

The focus was on actions at EU level. The following policy options were analysed:

  • EU energy labels which are warranted for domestic ovens through directive no 92/75/EEC.
  • Mandatory minimum energy efficiency standards.
  • As an alternative to the latter, the acceptance by the EU of a voluntary initiative of the European White Goods industry to phase out ovens with a consumption higher than a certain value and/or to reach a certain average energy consumption of the appliances sold.
  • Co-operative procurement (technology or market procurement).
  • National policies which could supplement EU policy are also analysed qualitatively.


Groups from 8 European countries (Austria, Germany, Finland, France, Italy, Netherlands, Sweden, UK)

This project was funded by the EU SAVE II programme (Specific Actions for Vigorous Energy Efficiency), the union-wide programme dedicated to promoting energy efficiency in industry, commerce and the domestic sector, with supplementary financing from NOVEM for the Dutch partner

Representatives of NOVEM and CECED as well as those of the relevant working groups of CENELEC (CLC/TC 59X/WG3) and CEN (CEN/TC 49/WG2) participated in the meetings. CECED has also provided data for a number of tasks.

Project details