Environmental Change Institute, University of Oxford

Professor Nick Eyre


Research Groups


Professor Nick Eyre

Professor of Energy and Climate Policy


Nick Eyre is Professor of Energy and Climate Policy, and Senior Research Fellow in Energy at the ECI, and a Supernumerary Fellow of Oriel College.

Nick is Director of the Centre for Research into Energy Demand Solutions, which is the hub for energy demand research in the UK and began on 1st April 2018. As part of this role, he is the End Use Energy Demand Champion for UK Research and Innovations' Energy Programme.

Nick is a Co-Director of the Oxford Martin Programme on Integrating Renewable Energy, which is undertaking research on the combined, technical, economic, social and policy issues in moving to electricity systems with very high levels of variable renewables.

Nick was Programme Leader for Energy in the ECI from 2007 to 2017. In this period, he was a Co-Director of the multi-university collaboration, the UK Energy Research Centre, leading its research work on energy demand (2007-2014) and decision-making (2014-2017). He was a Co-Investigator within the Infrastructure Transitions Research Consortium from 2011-2017.

Nick has worked as a researcher, consultant and manager on energy and environmental issues since 1984. His interests focus on energy policy, especially with respect to energy demand, energy efficiency and the transition to low carbon energy systems. He has published extensively on energy, climate, environment and transport issues. He is co-author of a book on carbon markets.

Nick worked at the Energy Saving Trust from 1999 to 2007, initially as Head of Policy and, from 2002, as Director of Strategy. He was responsible for the Trust's work on public policy issues, business development and long term business strategy. In 2001, he was seconded to the Cabinet Office, Performance and Innovation Unit, where he was a co-author of the Government's Review of Energy Policy. He led work streams on energy efficiency and long term energy scenarios.

Previously, Nick worked as a researcher and analyst on energy and environment issues, initially in the Energy Technology Support Unit (ETSU) and then as an independent consultant. He was one of the UK's first researchers on mitigation of carbon emissions, and was co-author of a presentation to the Cabinet on this issue in 1989. In 1997, he wrote the first published study on how the Government's 20% carbon emission reduction target might be delivered. He has advised successive Government ministers and a wide range of Parliamentary inquiries. He managed a large European Commission programme on the external costs of energy and was lead author of the report used as the basis for the UK Government's first estimate of the social cost of carbon.

Nick holds an MA in Physics and D.Phil in Nuclear Physics from the University of Oxford. He is a Fellow of the Energy Institute and an Honorary Fellow of the Society for the Environment.

He was a County Councillor in Oxfordshire from 1987 to 1993, taking an active role in the development of Oxfordshire's first environmental strategy, traffic calming, CFC capture and opposition to new road building.

Research Interests

Nick's long term research interest is the role of public policy in reducing energy demand and carbon emissions, in the context that progress will require a combination of technical, social and policy change. His current research interests cover:

  • The zero carbon energy transition
  • Integration of renewable energy into energy systems
  • The transition to zero carbon heat
  • Energy market reform
  • Policy instruments for energy efficiency
  • The role of local government and local communities in energy
  • The interaction of energy systems with other components of infrastructure.

Research Projects

Current research grants are:

UK Centre for Research on Energy Demand. EPSRC/ESRC. PI. April 2018 - March 2023. Value: £19,500,000.

End Use Energy Demand Champion. EPSRC. PI. July 2017-June 2018. Value: £121,600.

Oxford Martin Programme for Integrating Renewable Energy. Oxford Martin School (PI) October 2015- March 2019. Value £1,500,000.

External Appointments

2010 - 2015: UK Green Energy Supply Certification Scheme Panel member

2010 - 2014: Lead Author: 'Buildings' Working Group III, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, 5th Assessment Report

2011 - (ongoing): Member, Ofgem Sustainable Development Advisory Group

2012 - 2016: Member, Energy Policy Panel, Institution of Engineering & Technology

2012 - 2017: Member, University of Oxford Sustainability Steering Group

2013 - 2018: Ambassador, European Council for an Energy Efficient Economy.

2013 - 2018: Advisory Group for the EPSRC Centre on The Dynamics of Energy, Mobility and Demand (DEMAND). Chair, 2015-2018

2013-2014: Member, Ofgem Capacity Assessment Academic Advisory Group

2014 - (ongoing): Editorial Board, Energy Efficiency

2014 - 2017: Executive Committee member, European Energy Research Alliance

2015 - 2018: Advisory Group for the EPSRC Centre on Energy Epidemiology.

2015 - (ongoing): Steering group, Low Carbon Oxford

2016 - (ongoing): International Advisory Board Retail, Innogy SE

2017 - (ongoing): International Advisory Board, Energy Policy

2018 - (ongoing): Review Editor: ‘Demand, Services and Social Aspects of Mitigation’, Working Group III, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, 6th Assessment Report.


  • Barrett, J., Pye, S., Betts-Davies, S., Brand, C., et al. (2022) Energy demand reduction options for meeting national zero-emission targets in the United Kingdom. Nature Energy.
  • Bobrova, Y., Eyre, N., Fawcett, T., Nolden, C. and Papachristos, G. (2022) 'Energy supply/demand policy asymmetry: a meta-narrative review from a systems perspective' [Presentation]. Energy and Climate Transformations. 3rd Energy Research and Social Science conference. University of Manchester, 20-23rd June. Manchester, UK.
  • Nolden, C., Eyre, N., Fawcett, T. and Bobrova, Y. (2022) The role of energy demand in policymaking for a just transition to net zero: a comparative survey in the UK, the Netherlands and Germany (3-164-22). ECEEE 2022 Summer Study on energy efficiency: agents of change. European Council for an Energy Efficient Economy, 6-11th June. Hyères, France.
  • Brohé, A., Eyre, N. and Howarth, N. (2009) Carbon Markets: An International Business Guide. Earthscan, London and New York. pp. 328. ISBN: 978-1-84407-727-4.
  • Jiang, Y. and Eyre, N. (2009) Energy Efficiency and Urban Development (the building sector and the transport sector).
  • Eyre, N. (2008) Regulation of energy suppliers to save energy - lessons from the UK debate. British Institute of Energy Economics (BIEE) Proceedings of the British Institute of Energy Economics Conference.
  • Eyre, N. and Staniaszek, D. (2005) Energy Efficiency in the UK Energy White paper - How did it get a Central Role? Proceedings of the European Council for an Energy Efficient Economy (eceee) 2005 Summer Study - What works and who delivers?, 30 May - 4 June 2005.. 35-44. ISBN: 9163140020.
  • Eyre, N. and Treasury, H.M. (2005) Energy efficiency innovation review. Defra and HM Treasury, London, UK.
  • Eyre, N. (2004) Micro-CHP, Energy Services and Smart Metering-Technological Innovation and Systemic Change. Micro energy systems: review of technology, issues of scale and integration.
  • Vine, E., Hamrin, J., Eyre, N., Crossley, D., Maloney, M. and Watt, G. (2003) Public policy analysis of energy efficiency and load management in changing electricity businesses. Energy Policy, 31(5): 405-430.
  • Eyre, N. (2002) The Energy Review. Performance and Innovation Unit, Cabinet Office
  • Eyre, N. (2001) Carbon reduction in the real world: how the UK will surpass its Kyoto obligations. Climate Policy, 1(3): 309-326.
  • Eyre, N. (2001) Resource productivity: making more with less. Performance and Innovation Unit, Cabinet Office, London, UK.
  • Eyre, N. (1999) Global Warming Damages, ExternE - Externalities of Energy, 8. European Commission
  • Eyre, N. (1998) A golden age or a false dawn? Energy efficiency in UK competitive energy markets. Energy Policy, 26(12): 963-972.
  • Eyre, N. (1998) Carbon dioxide emissions trends from the United Kingdom. Promoting Development while Limiting Greenhouse Gas Emissions: Trends and Baselines, United Nations Development Programme.
  • Eyre, N. (1998) Uncertainty in valuing the future impacts of climate change. In, Audus, H. (ed.) The Assessment of Climate Change Damages. international Energy Agency (IEA) Greenhouse Gas R&D Programme, Cheltenham, UK.
  • Rabl, A. and Eyre, N. (1998) An estimate of regional and global O3 damage from precursor NOx and VOC emissions. Environment International, 24(8): 835-850.