Professor Nick Eyre
Professor of Energy and Climate Policy
Nick Eyre is Professor of Energy and Climate Policy, and Senior Research Fellow in Energy at the ECI, and a Supernumerary Fellow of Oriel College.
Nick is Director of the Centre for Research into Energy Demand Solutions, which is the hub for energy demand research in the UK and began on 1st April 2018. As part of this role, he is the End Use Energy Demand Champion for UK Research and Innovations' Energy Programme.
Nick is a Co-Director of the Oxford Martin Programme on Integrating Renewable Energy, which is undertaking research on the combined, technical, economic, social and policy issues in moving to electricity systems with very high levels of variable renewables.
Nick was Programme Leader for Energy in the ECI from 2007 to 2017. In this period, he was a Co-Director of the multi-university collaboration, the UK Energy Research Centre, leading its research work on energy demand (2007-2014) and decision-making (2014-2017). He was a Co-Investigator within the Infrastructure Transitions Research Consortium from 2011-2017.
Nick has worked as a researcher, consultant and manager on energy and environmental issues since 1984. His interests focus on energy policy, especially with respect to energy demand, energy efficiency and the transition to low carbon energy systems. He has published extensively on energy, climate, environment and transport issues. He is co-author of a book on carbon markets.
Nick worked at the Energy Saving Trust from 1999 to 2007, initially as Head of Policy and, from 2002, as Director of Strategy. He was responsible for the Trust's work on public policy issues, business development and long term business strategy. In 2001, he was seconded to the Cabinet Office, Performance and Innovation Unit, where he was a co-author of the Government's Review of Energy Policy. He led work streams on energy efficiency and long term energy scenarios.
Previously, Nick worked as a researcher and analyst on energy and environment issues, initially in the Energy Technology Support Unit (ETSU) and then as an independent consultant. He was one of the UK's first researchers on mitigation of carbon emissions, and was co-author of a presentation to the Cabinet on this issue in 1989. In 1997, he wrote the first published study on how the Government's 20% carbon emission reduction target might be delivered. He has advised successive Government ministers and a wide range of Parliamentary inquiries. He managed a large European Commission programme on the external costs of energy and was lead author of the report used as the basis for the UK Government's first estimate of the social cost of carbon.
Nick holds an MA in Physics and D.Phil in Nuclear Physics from the University of Oxford. He is a Fellow of the Energy Institute and an Honorary Fellow of the Society for the Environment.
He was a County Councillor in Oxfordshire from 1987 to 1993, taking an active role in the development of Oxfordshire's first environmental strategy, traffic calming, CFC capture and opposition to new road building.
Nick's long term research interest is the role of public policy in reducing energy demand and carbon emissions, in the context that progress will require a combination of technical, social and policy change. His current research interests cover:
- The zero carbon energy transition
- Integration of renewable energy into energy systems
- The transition to zero carbon heat
- Energy market reform
- Policy instruments for energy efficiency
- The role of local government and local communities in energy
- The interaction of energy systems with other components of infrastructure.
Current research grants are:
UK Centre for Research on Energy Demand. EPSRC/ESRC. PI. April 2018 - March 2023. Value: £19,500,000.
End Use Energy Demand Champion. EPSRC. PI. July 2017-June 2018. Value: £121,600.
Oxford Martin Programme for Integrating Renewable Energy. Oxford Martin School (PI) October 2015- March 2019. Value £1,500,000.
2010 - 2015: UK Green Energy Supply Certification Scheme Panel member
2010 - 2014: Lead Author: 'Buildings' Working Group III, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, 5th Assessment Report
2011 - (ongoing): Member, Ofgem Sustainable Development Advisory Group
2012 - 2016: Member, Energy Policy Panel, Institution of Engineering & Technology
2012 - 2017: Member, University of Oxford Sustainability Steering Group
2013 - 2018: Ambassador, European Council for an Energy Efficient Economy.
2013 - 2018: Advisory Group for the EPSRC Centre on The Dynamics of Energy, Mobility and Demand (DEMAND). Chair, 2015-2018
2013-2014: Member, Ofgem Capacity Assessment Academic Advisory Group
2014 - (ongoing): Editorial Board, Energy Efficiency
2014 - 2017: Executive Committee member, European Energy Research Alliance
2015 - 2018: Advisory Group for the EPSRC Centre on Energy Epidemiology.
2015 - (ongoing): Steering group, Low Carbon Oxford
2016 - (ongoing): International Advisory Board Retail, Innogy SE
2017 - (ongoing): International Advisory Board, Energy Policy
2018 - (ongoing): Review Editor: ‘Demand, Services and Social Aspects of Mitigation’, Working Group III, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, 6th Assessment Report.
- Barrett, J., Pye, S., Betts-Davies, S., Brand, C., et al. (2022) Energy demand reduction options for meeting national zero-emission targets in the United Kingdom. Nature Energy.
- Bobrova, Y., Eyre, N., Fawcett, T., Nolden, C. and Papachristos, G. (2022) 'Energy supply/demand policy asymmetry: a meta-narrative review from a systems perspective' [Presentation]. Energy and Climate Transformations. 3rd Energy Research and Social Science conference. University of Manchester, 20-23rd June. Manchester, UK.
- Nolden, C., Eyre, N., Fawcett, T. and Bobrova, Y. (2022) The role of energy demand in policymaking for a just transition to net zero: a comparative survey in the UK, the Netherlands and Germany (3-164-22). ECEEE 2022 Summer Study on energy efficiency: agents of change. European Council for an Energy Efficient Economy, 6-11th June. Hyères, France.
- Hampton, S., Killip, G., Smith, A., Eyre, N., Knight, L., Scott, H., Budnitz, H. and Wheeler, S. (2021) Pathways to a zero carbon Oxfordshire. Proceedings of ECEEE Summer Study (online), 7 - 11 June 2021. paper 5-096-21.
- Hampton, S., Knight, L., Scott, H., Budnitz, H., Killip, G., Wheeler, S., Smith, A., Eyre, N. (2021) Pathways to a zero carbon Oxfordshire. Environmental Change Institute, University of Oxford
- Nolden, C., Eyre, N. and Fawcett, T. (2021) Energy demand policymaking attention in the context of a just transition to net zero: results of a UK survey. ECEEE 2021 Summer Study proceedings. European Council for an Energy Efficient Economy.
- Cardenes, I., Hall, J.W., Eyre, N. and Jarvis, S. (2020) Quantifying the energy costs and greenhouse gas emissions of changing wastewater quality standards. Water Science and Technology, 81(6): 1283-1295.
- Eggimann, S., Usher, W., Hall, J.W. and Eyre, N. (2020) How weather affects energy demand variability in the transition towards sustainable heating. Energy, 195. 116947.
- Eggimann, S., Hall, J.W. and Eyre, N. (2019) A high-resolution spatio-temporal energy demand simulation to explore the potential of heating demand-side management with large-scale heat pump diffusion. Applied Energy, 236(15): 997-1010.
- Eyre, N. and Killip, G. (eds.) (2019) Shifting the focus: energy demand in a net-zero carbon UK. Centre for Research into Energy Demand Solutions (CREDS)
- Ramirez-Mendiola, J., Grunewald, P. and Eyre, N. (2019) Residential activity pattern modelling through stochastic chains of variable memory length. Applied Energy, 237: 417-430.
- Eyre, N., Darby, S.J., Grunewald, P., McKenna, E. and Ford, R. (2018) Reaching a 1.5°C target: socio-technical challenges for a rapid transition to low-carbon electricity systems. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A, 376(2119).
- Ramirez-Mendiola, J., Grunewald, P. and Eyre, N. (2018) Linking intra-day variations in residential electricity demand loads to consumers’ activities: What's missing? Energy and Buildings, 161: 63-71.
- Ramirez-Mendiola, J.L., Grunewals, P. and Eyre, N. (2018) Linking intra-day variations in residential electricity demand loads to consumers’ activities: What's missing? Energy and Buildings, 161: 63-71.
- Bauwens, T. and Eyre, N. (2017) Exploring the links between community-based governance and sustainable energy use: Quantitative evidence from Flanders. Ecological Economics, 137: 163-172.
- Bell, K., Eyre, N., Hawker, G., Gissey, G.C., Dodds, P., Darby, S.J., Irvine, J., Paul, G. and Watson, J. (2017) A Smart, Flexible Energy System: The UK Energy Research Centre's (UKERC) Response to the Ofgem / BEIS Call for Evidence. UKERC, London.
- Ramirez-Mendíola, J.L., Grünwald, P. and Eyre, N. (2017) The diversity of residential electricity demand - A comparative analysis of metered and simulated data. Energy and Buildings.
- Eyre, N., Bell, K. and Darby, S. (2016) Electricity: harnessing rapid change. In, Review of Energy Policy, a UKERC policy briefing. . Commissioned by UK Energy Research Centre, London.
- Liao, X., Hall, J. and Eyre, N. (2016) Water use in China’s thermoelectric power sector. Global Environmental Change, 41: 142-152.
- Rosenow, J. and Eyre, N. (2016) A post mortem of the Green Deal: Austerity, energy efficiency, and failure in British energy policy. Energy Research and Social Science, 21: 141-144.
- Rosenow, J., Fawcett, T., Eyre, N. and Oikonomou, V. (2016) Energy efficiency and the policy mix. Building Research and Information, 44(5-6): 562-574.
- Rosenow, J., Leguijt, C., Pató, Z., Eyre, N. and Fawcett, T. (2016) An ex-ante evaluation of the EU Energy Efficiency Directive -Article 7. Economics of Energy and Environmental Policy, 5(2).
- Eyre, N. and Baruah, P. (2015) Uncertainties in future energy demand in UK residential heating. Energy Policy, 87: 641-653.
- Eyre, N., Fawcett, T., Spyridaki, N., Oikonomou, V., Tourkolias, C. and Barbero, V. (2015) Energy Saving Policies and Energy Efficiency Obligation Scheme. ENSPOL Energy Saving Policies
- Fawcett, T., Eyre, N. and Layberry, R. (2015) Heat pumps and global residential heating. Proceedings of ECEEE Summer Study, 1-6 June 2015 (Presqu'île de Giens, France). Vol. 1 - Foundations of Future Energy Policy European Council for an Energy-Efficient Economy,, Stockholm, Sweden.
- Gupta, R., Eyre, N., Darby, S., Lucas, K., Barnfield, L., Hamilton, J., Mayne, R., Gregg, M., Fratter, C. and Irving, B. (2015) Evaluating the impacts, effectiveness and success of low carbon communities on localised energy behaviours (EVALOC). Final Report, Oxford Brookes University and University of Oxford, Oxford.
- Killip, G., Eyre, N., Brand, C. and Patrick, J. (2015) Making the local economic case for low carbon – an Oxfordshire case study. Paper 3-253-15, eceee 2015 Summer Study on energy efficiency, Toulon/Hyères, France, 1st-6th June 2015.
- Liu, Y., Eyre, N., Darby, S., Keay, M., Robinson, D. and Li, X. (2015) Assessment of Demand Response Market Potential and Benefits in Shanghai. Report for the Natural Resources Defense Council
- Qadrdan, M., Chaudry, M., Jenkins, N., Baruah, P. and Eyre, N. (2015) Impact of transition to a low carbon power system on the GB gas network. Applied Energy, 151: 1-12.
- Rohde, C., Rosenow, J., Eyre, N. and Giraudet, L. (2015) Energy saving obligations—cutting the Gordian Knot of leverage? Energy Efficiency, 8(1): 129-140.
- Rosenow, J. and Eyre, N. (2015) Re-energising the UK’s approach to domestic energy efficiency. . Paper 2-001-15, eceee 2015 Summer Study on energy efficiency, Toulon /Hyères, France, 1st-6th June 2015.
- Wade, J. and Eyre, N. (2015) Energy Efficiency Evaluation: The evidence for real energy savings from energy efficiency programmes in the household sector. UKERC Report UKERC/RR/TPA/2015/001, London.
- Wade, J. and Eyre, N. (2015) Evaluation Good Practice: is ‘good enough’ better than ‘perfect’? Paper 8-099-15, eceee 2015 Summer Study on energy efficiency, Toulon /Hyères, France, 1st-6th June 2015.
- Baruah, P., Eyre, N., Norman, J., Griffins, P. and Hammond, G. (2014) Firm-level perspective of energy efficiency barriers and drivers in UK industry – indications from an online survey. In Proc 2014 BEHAVE Energy Conference, Said Business School, University of Oxford, UK.
- Baruah, P., Eyre, N., Qadrdan, M., Chaudry, M. and Hall, J. (2014) Deep decarbonisation scenarios of the UK energy system with demand-side options and renewable energy. In Proc. 2014 Grand Renewable Energy International Conference and Exhibition, Tokyo, Japan.
- Baruah, P.J., Eyre, N., Qadrdan, M., Chaudry, M., Blainey, S., Hall, J.W., Jenkins, N. and Tran, M. (2014) Energy system impacts from heat and transport electrification. Proceedings of the ICE - Energy, 167(3): 139-151.
- Bradshaw, M., Butler, C., Demski, C., Ekins, P., Eyre, N., Gross, R., Holland, R., McGlade, C., Mitchell, C., Parkhill, K., Pidgeon, N., Skea, J., Spence, A. and Watson, J. (2014) UK Energy in a Global Context - Synthesis Report. UKERC, London.
- Eyre, N. and Baruah, P. (2014) Residential Heating Policy for a Low Carbon World: A Case Study of UK Scenarios. 2014 ACEEE Summer Study on Energy Efficiency in Buildings.
- Eyre, N. and Baruah, P. (2014) UK Energy Strategies Under Uncertainty: Uncertainties in Energy Demand in Residential Heating. UK Energy Research Centre, UK.
- Fawcett, T., Layberry, R. and Eyre, N. (2014) Electrification of heating: The role of heat pumps. BIEE conference, Oxford, 17-18 September 2014.
- Hall, J., Henriques, J., Hickford, A., Nicholls, R., Baruah, P., Birkin, M., Chaudry, M., Curtis, T., Eyre, N., Jones, C., Kilsby, C., Leathard, A., Lorenz, A., Malleson, N., McLeod, F., Powrie, W., Preston, J., Rai, N., Street, R., Stringfellow, A., Thoung, C., Tyler, P., Velykiene, R., Watson, G. and Watson, J. (2014) Assessing the Long-Term Performance of Cross-Sectoral Strategies for National Infrastructure. Journal of Infrastructure Systems, 20(3).
- Johan, R., Guy, B., Brian, H., Wolfgang, L., Schellnhuber, J., Kabat, J., Nakicenovic, N., Gong, P., Schlosser, P., Manez, M., Humble, A., Eyre, N., Gleick, P., James, R., Lucena, A., Masera, O., Moench, M., Schaeffer, R., Seitzinger, S., van der leeuw, S., Ward, B., Stern, N., Hurrell, J., Srivastava, L., Morgan, J., Nobre, C., Sokona, Y., Cremades, R., Roth, E., Liverman, D. and Arnott, J. (2014) Climate change: the necessary, the possible and the desirable. Earth's Future, 2(12): 606-611.
- Lucon, O., Urge-Vorsatz, D., Ahmed, A.Z., Akbari, H., Bertoldi, P., Cabeza, L.F., Eyre, N., Gadgil, A., Harvey, L.D.D., Jiang, Y., Liphoto, E., Mirasgedis, S., Murakami, S., Parikh, J., Pyke, C. and Vilariño, M.V. (2014) Buildings.Chapter 9 in, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, 5th Assessment Report, Working Group III Cambirdge University Press, UK.
- Mallaburn, P. and Eyre, N. (2014) Lessons from energy efficiency policy and programmes in the UK from 1973 to 2013. Energy Efficiency, 7(1): 23-41.
- Patrick, J., Killip, G., Brand, C., Augustine, A. and Eyre, N. (2014) Oxfordshire's Low Carbon Economy. Environmental Change Institute and Low Carbon Oxford
- Tran, M., Hall, J., Hickford, A., Nicholls, R., Alderson, D., Barr, S., Baruah, P., Beavan, R., Birkin, M., Blainey, S., Byers, E., Chaudry, M., Curtis, T., Ebrahimy, R., Eyre, N., Hiteva, R., Jenkins, N., Jones, C., Kilsby, C., Leathard, A., Manning, L., Otto, A., Oughton, E., Powrie, W., Preston, J., Qadrdan, M., Thoung, C., Tyler, P., Watson, J., Watson, G. and Zuo, C. (2014) National infrastructure assessment: Analysis of options for infrastructure provision in Great Britain, Interim results. Environmental Change Institute, University of Oxford. ISBN: 978-1-874370-52-9.
- Watson, J., Fross, R., Ketsopoulou, I. and Winskel, M. (2014) UK Energy Strategies Under Uncertainty - Synthesis Report. UK Energy Research Centre, London.
- Eyre, N. (2013) Decentralisation of governance in the low carbon transition. In, Fouquet, R. (ed.) The Handbook of Energy and Climate Change. Edward Elgar, Cheltenham. ISBN: 978 0 85793 368 3.
- Hoggett, R., Eyre, N. and Keay, M. (2013) Demand and Energy Security. In, Mitchell, C., Watson, J. and Whiting, J. (eds.) New Challenges in Energy Security: The UK in a Multipolar World. Palgrave, London.
- Rosenow, J. and Eyre, N. (2013) The Green Deal and the Energy Company Obligation. Proceedings of the ECI - Energy, 166(3): 127-136.
- Rosenow, J., Eyre, N., Buerger, V. and Rohde, C. (2013) Overcoming the upfront investment barrier - comparing the German CO2 Building Rehabilitation Programme and the British Green Deal. Energy and Environment, 24(1): 83-104.
- Anable, J., Brand, C., Tran, M. and Eyre, N. (2012) Modelling transport energy demand: A socio-technical approach. Energy Policy, 41: 125-138.
- Eyre, N. (2012) Energy Efficiency in the UK - What Next? Energy in Buildings and Industry.
- Eyre, N. (2012) Energy Saving in Energy Market Reform - The Feed-in Tariffs Option. Energy Policy, 52: 190-198.
- Eyre, N. and Rosenow, J. (2012) Green deal and the energy company obligation - will it work? Proceedings of British Institute of Energy Economics 9th Academic Conference. European Energy in a Challenging World: The impact of emerging markets. St Johns College, Oxford, 19-20 September 2012.
- Eyre, N., Rosenow, J., Wade, J., Wilson, C. and Lowe, R. (2012) UK Energy Research Centre response to the Green Deal. UKERC.
- Hall, J.W., Henriques, J.J., Hickford, A.J. and Nicholls, R.J. (2012) A Fast Track Analysis of strategies for infrastructure provision in Great Britain: Technical report. Environmental Change Institute, Oxford.
- Rosenow, J. and Eyre, N. (2012) Will the Green Deal revolutionise UK housing? Energy World, 410: 34-35.
- Urge-Vorsatz, D., Eyre, N., Graham, P., Harvey, L.D.D., Hertwich, E., Jochem, E., Kornevall, C., Majumdar, M., McMahon, H., Mirasgedis, S., Murakami, S., Novikova, A., Jiang, Y., Masera, O., McNeil, M., de T’Serclaes, P., Tirado-Herrero, S., Petrichenko, K. and Janda, K. (2012) Towards Sustainable Energy End Use: Buildings, in Global Energy Assessment. Chapter 10 in, Global Energy Assessment: Toward a Sustainable Future. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge. 1888 pp. ISBN: 9781107005198.
- Bergman, N. and Eyre, N. (2011) What role for microgeneration in a shift to a low carbon domestic energy sector in the UK? Energy Efficiency, 4(3): 335-353.
- Eyre, N. (2011) Demand reduction and low carbon supply - friends or enemies? Proceedings of Energy and People: Futures, complexity and challenges Conference. Oxford, September 2011.
- Eyre, N. (2011) Efficiency, demand reduction or electrification? Proceedings of the European Council for an Energy Efficient Economy Summer Study 2011, Hyeres, France.
- Eyre, N. (2011) Energy Demand, Governance and Scale, in Low-Carbon Futures: contending geographies of distribution and centralisation. In, Geographies of Energy Transition: Security, Climate and Governance. .
- Eyre, N., Pavan, M. and Bodineau, L. (2011) Energy Company Obligations to Save Energy in Italy, the UK and France: What have we learnt? The European Council for an Energy Efficient Economy (eceee) eceee 2009 Summer Study proceedings - Act! Innovate! Deliver! Reducing energy demand sustainably.. 225-236. ISBN: 9789163344541.
- Skea, J., Hardy, J., Gross, R., Mitchell, C., Baker, P., Eyre, N. and Ekins, P. (2011) UKERC response to DECC Electricity Market Reform consultation. UK Energy Research Centre
- Willis, R. and Eyre, N. (2011) Demanding less: why we need a new politics of energy? Green Alliance. ISBN: 978-1-905869-51-0.
- Eyre, N. (2010) Policing carbon: design and enforcement options for personal carbon trading. Climate Policy, 10(4): 432-446.
- Eyre, N., Anable, J., Brand, C., Layberry, R. and Strachan, N. (2010) The way we live from now on: lifestyle and energy consumption. Chapter 9 in, Skea, J., Ekins, P. and M. Winskel (eds.) Energy 2050: Making the Transition to a Secure Low Carbon Energy System. Earthscan. 408 pp. ISBN: 9781849710848.
- Eyre, N., Flanagan, B. and Double, K. (2010) Engaging people in saving energy on a large scale: lessons from the programmes of the Energy Saving Trust in the UK. In, Whitmarsh, L., O'Neill, S. and Lorenzoni, I. (eds.) Engaging the Public with Climate Change: Behaviour Change and Communication. Earthscan. 288 pp. ISBN: 9781844079285.
- Parag, Y. and Eyre, N. (2010) Barriers to personal carbon trading in the policy arena. Climate Policy, 10(4): 353-368.
- Brohé, A., Eyre, N. and Howarth, N. (2009) Carbon Markets: An International Business Guide. Earthscan, London and New York. pp. 328. ISBN: 978-1-84407-727-4.
- Jiang, Y. and Eyre, N. (2009) Energy Efficiency and Urban Development (the building sector and the transport sector).
- Eyre, N. (2008) Regulation of energy suppliers to save energy - lessons from the UK debate. British Institute of Energy Economics (BIEE) Proceedings of the British Institute of Energy Economics Conference.
- Eyre, N. and Staniaszek, D. (2005) Energy Efficiency in the UK Energy White paper - How did it get a Central Role? Proceedings of the European Council for an Energy Efficient Economy (eceee) 2005 Summer Study - What works and who delivers?, 30 May - 4 June 2005.. 35-44. ISBN: 9163140020.
- Eyre, N. and Treasury, H.M. (2005) Energy efficiency innovation review. Defra and HM Treasury, London, UK.
- Eyre, N. (2004) Micro-CHP, Energy Services and Smart Metering-Technological Innovation and Systemic Change. Micro energy systems: review of technology, issues of scale and integration.
- Vine, E., Hamrin, J., Eyre, N., Crossley, D., Maloney, M. and Watt, G. (2003) Public policy analysis of energy efficiency and load management in changing electricity businesses. Energy Policy, 31(5): 405-430.
- Eyre, N. (2002) The Energy Review. Performance and Innovation Unit, Cabinet Office
- Eyre, N. (2001) Carbon reduction in the real world: how the UK will surpass its Kyoto obligations. Climate Policy, 1(3): 309-326.
- Eyre, N. (2001) Resource productivity: making more with less. Performance and Innovation Unit, Cabinet Office, London, UK.
- Eyre, N. (1999) Global Warming Damages, ExternE - Externalities of Energy, 8. European Commission
- Eyre, N. (1998) A golden age or a false dawn? Energy efficiency in UK competitive energy markets. Energy Policy, 26(12): 963-972.
- Eyre, N. (1998) Carbon dioxide emissions trends from the United Kingdom. Promoting Development while Limiting Greenhouse Gas Emissions: Trends and Baselines, United Nations Development Programme.
- Eyre, N. (1998) Uncertainty in valuing the future impacts of climate change. In, Audus, H. (ed.) The Assessment of Climate Change Damages. international Energy Agency (IEA) Greenhouse Gas R&D Programme, Cheltenham, UK.
- Rabl, A. and Eyre, N. (1998) An estimate of regional and global O3 damage from precursor NOx and VOC emissions. Environment International, 24(8): 835-850.