Environmental Change Institute, University of Oxford

Clare Downing


Research Groups

Clare Downing

Centre Manager (CREDS)

Clare is the Centre Manager for Centre for Research into Energy Demand Solutions (CREDS) where she leads the programme management and knowledge exchange activities and team. She has technical expertise in climate change (mitigation and adaptation) particularly in developing evidence for policy, and guidance to manufacturers on energy efficient technologies and behaviour change in the Textiles, Tannery and Food and Drink sectors. She is interested in evaluating the science and process of climate change through applied research and turning the results into practical plans, policy and guidance for users.

She was previously an Adaptation Science Specialist in UKCIP where she was an expert on the European Topic Centre for Climate Change Adaptation for the European Environment Agency. She also worked on climate change and social justice for the Joseph Rowntree Foundation, an assessment of the state of adaptation activities in the West Balkans and provided expert advice and stakeholder engagement within the Defra UKCIP programme.

Clare has over 20 years' experience in applied research and commercial consultancy within mitigation, adaptation and environmental science. She has provided practical advice and guidance to Local Authorities, national Government departments, Climate-ADAPT, NGOs (Berkshire, Buckinghamshire & Oxfordshire Wildlife Trust) and International Donor Organisations. She was previously a Principal Consultant at Ricardo (AEA) where she was responsible for project management and business development in the climate change area. She also has expertise in resource efficiency, air pollution, communications, marketing and behaviour change.

Publications (Adaptation)

Dinesh, D. and Downing, C. (2019) Stepping up science-policy engagement to tackle environmental change: Methods and examples for achieving policy impact. Environmental Change Institute.

Kaźmierczak, A, Ganzleben, C., Ortiz, A.G., Kurnik, B., Peris, E., Tomescu, M., Breil, M., Swart, R., Georgi, B., Romanovska, L., Downing, C., Schipper, L., Terämä, E., Mäkinen, K., German, R., Williamson, T., May, K., King, K., Horálek, J., Schovánková, J., Schreiberová, M., Guàrdia, N.B., Fons Esteve, J., Barnes, J., de Vito, L. and van Kamp, I. (2019) Unequal exposure and unequal impacts: social vulnerability to air pollution, noise and extreme temperatures in Europe. EEA Report No 22/2018. ISBN: 978-92-9480-047-3. doi:10.2800/324183

Füssel HM., Capela Lourenço T., Downing C., Hildén M., Leitner M., Marx A., Prutsch A. and Sanderson A. (2018) National climate change vulnerability and risk assessments in Europe, 2018. EEA Report No 1/2018. ISBN 978-92-9213-940-7.

Mattern K., Giannini V., Downing C., Gomes A., Ramieri E., de Jong F., Coninx I., Karali E., Capela Lourenço T., Medri S., Marras S., Romanovska L., Sousa A., Fergusson S. Dworak T., Aparicio A., & Leitner M. (2018) Sharing adaptation information across Europe (An Evaluation of the Climate-ADAPT website). EEA Report No 03/2018. ISBN 978-92-9213-945-2.

Breil M., Downing C., Kazmierczak A., Mäkinen K., Romanovska L. (2018) Social vulnerability to climate change in European cities – state of play in policy and practice. European Topic Centre on Climate Change impacts, Vulnerability and Adaptation (ETC/CCA) Technical paper 2018/1.

Downing, C. Assessing Adaptation Knowledge in Europe: Vulnerability to Climate Change. Final Report. (2017) 340202/2015/719923/SER/CLIMA.C.3. Project number: DESNL16057. © Ecofys. DG CLIMA, European Commission.

Street, R., Karali,E., Matterm, K., Downing, C., Sousa, A., Jol, A., Prosperini, C.X. and Loureco, T.C. Overview of climate change adaptation platforms in Europe. Technical Report No5/2015, European Environment Agency

Isoard, S., Prutsch, A., Mäkinen, K., Hildén, M., Downing, C., Street, R., Karali, E., MCCallum, S. and Biesbroek, R. National adaptation policy processes in European countries — 2014. EEA Report No 4/2014, ISBN: 978-92-9213-484-6

Isoard, S., Winograd, M., Georgi, B., Kurnik, B., Downing, C., Dige, G., Fussel, H. M., Schilling, J., van Aardenne, J., Hilden, M., Henrichs, T. Street, R. and McCallum, S. Adaptation in Europe - Addressing risks and opportunities from climate change in the context of socio-economic developments. EEA Report No 3/2013, ISBN: 978-92-9213-385-6

Preston, I., Banks, N., Hargreaves, K., Kazmierczak, A., Lucas, K., Mayne, R., Downing, C. and Street, R. (2014) Climate Change and Social Justice: An Evidence Review. Joseph Rowntree Foundation (JRF)

Horrocks, L, Beckford, J, Hodgson, N, Downing, C, Davey, R and O'Sullivan, A. (2010). Adapting the ICT Sector to the Impacts of Climate Change – Final Report, Defra contract number RMP5604. AEA group, published by Defra.

Mattsson, L., O'Sullivan, A. and Downing, C. (2010). Linking business advice on adaptation and sustainability. AEA Group, for Climate South East/UKCIP//Defra.

Downing, C., Preston, F., Parusheva, D., Horrocks, L., Edberg, O., Samazzi, F., Washington, R., Muteti, M., Watkiss, P. and Nyangena, W. (2008). Final Report Kenya: Climate Screening and Information Exchange, Report to Department for International Development. ED 05603, Issue Number 2.

Other Publications

Blog - The changing use of energy efficient technologies – reflections from ECEEE Summer Study (2019). Downing, C.

Blog - Climate strikes: the challenge to research (2019). Downing, C. and Fawcett, T.

Session report - Capturing and sharing knowledge on adaptation across Europe: how to support decision makers in the EU (Session 5.4). Downing, C., Ramieri, E., and Mattern, K. 3rd European Climate Change Adaptation Conference (ECCA) 2017, Glasgow.

Blog - Getting adaptation into practice – reflections from ECCA 2017 (June 2017). Downing, C.

Panel member and presenter on Adaptation and infrastructure for Resilient Oxford – Workshop on 100 Resilient Cities Fund. October 2015

Blog - Making vulnerable voices heard in flood protection decisions (Feb 2014). Downing, C.

Selected Publications (other topics)

Veldhuis, A. J., Glover, J., Bradley, D., Behzadian, K., Butler, D., Cottee, J., Downing, C., Farmani, R., Ingram, J., Leach, M., López-Avilés, A., Pike, A., De Propris, L., Purvis, L., Robinson, P., and Yang, A. (2017) The Local Nexus Network (Building sustainable local nexuses of food, energy and water: from smart engineering to shared prosperity): 'Environmentally sustainable localised food systems: Opportunities and challenges' accepted for publication in Production Planning & Control: Special Issue on Redistributed Manufacturing.

Cottee, J., López-Avilés, A., Behzadian, K., Bradley, D., Butler, D., Downing, C., Farmani, R., Ingram, J., Leach, M., Pike, A., De Propris, L., Purvis, L., Robinson, P. and Yang, A. (2016) 'The Local Nexus Network: Exploring the Future of Localised Food Systems and Associated Energy and Water Supply'. In 'Sustainable Design and Manufacturing 2016', Smart Innovation Systems and Technologies Special Volume, R.Setchi, R.J.Howlett, Y.Liu and P. Theobald (eds.), p. 613-624. DOI 10.1007/978-3-319-32098-4_52. Springer International Publishing. Switzerland 2016

Brophy, N., Dagnall, S., Downing, C., McNaught, C. and Rankin, E. (2010) Options for a Local Authority Renewable Energy Indicator – Scoping Study. AEA Group, published by DECC.

Herold A, (Öko-Institut e.V.), Graichen J, Graichen V, Harthan R, Schneider L, AEA T: Alanko J, Downing C, Gardiner A, Handley C, Hazeldine T, Preston F, REC: Balint J, Ivanyi Z, Khovanskaya M and Mizuno O. Policies and measures at Member State level to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and achieve compliance with commitments for 2008 to 2012 under the Kyoto Protocol. (2008) Final report, Contract No. 070501/2005/420765/MAR/C2 Ref. tender: ENV.C.4/SER/2005/0059.

Downing, C., Mayhew, J., Surgand, J., Edberg, O., Pooley, M. East Midlands Climate Change Programme for Action. (2007) AEA Energy & Environment Harwell International Business Centre, Didcot, OX11 0QR

Downing, C.E.H. Up to 50% funding from SAVE II (EC Programme promoting energy efficiency). Energy & Environmental Management Journal, March/April 2001. Published by McMillan Scott plc, Macclesfield.

Downing, C.E.H. Stop waste eating your profits. Technical Textiles International, May 2000. Published by World Textile Publications, Bradford.

Downing, C.E.H. Managing water - opportunities for cost savings. Proceedings of International Conference on Water and Textiles, University of Huddersfield, May 1999.

Stedman, J.R., Vincent, K.J., Campbell, G.W., Goodwin, J.W.L., and Downing, C.E.H. (1997b). New high resolution maps of estimated background ambient NOx and NO2 concentrations in the UK. Atmospheric Environment.31, 3591-3602

Acid Deposition in the United Kingdom 1992-1994. Fourth Report of the Review Group on Acid Rain. (1997), Edited by Downing C., ISBN 0-7058-1741-5

Downing, C.E.H. (1996). Air and precipitation monitoring around Poas volcano: Costa Rica. AEA/RAMP/20106001/01, AEA Technology, Culham, Oxon.

Downing, C.E.H., Vincent, K.J., Campbell, G.W., Fowler, D. And Smith, R.I. (1995). Trends in wet and dry deposition of sulphur in the United Kingdom. Water, Air and Soil Pollution 85, 659-664

Campbell, G.W., Couling, S.B., Downing, C.E.H. and Tomkinson K. (1992). Field and laboratory testing of passive diffusion tube samplers for ambient sulphur dioxide and ozone. Air Pollution Research Report 41. Development of analytical techniques for atmospheric pollutants. Edited by I. Allegrini, Belgium.