Environmental Change Institute, University of Oxford

Megafauna and Ecosystem Function: From the Pleistocene to the Anthropocene

International Conference: March 2014

Day 1: Causes and impacts of megafaunal loss

Introduction: Ghosts of lost giants: what it means to live in a megafauna - depleted world, and what can or should be done? Yadvinder Malhli Slides | Audio
Mammoth extinction, refugia, and the effects of climate and peopleAdrian Lister Slides unavailable | Audio
Ancient DNA reveals past global population dynamics links to climate-driven range dynamicsDavid Nogués-Bravo Slides | Audio
The case for Clovis overkill in North AmericaTodd Surovell Slides | Audio
Ecological state changes and megafaunal extinctions in southern Patagonia, South AmericaNatalia Villavicencio Slides | Audio
Anthropogenic drivers of megafaunal extinction: support from a high resolution, quantitative global analysisLewis Bartlett Slides | Audio
Global Late Quaternary megafauna extinctions linked to humans, not climate changeChristopher J. SandomSlides unavailable | Audio
Radiocarbon chronology of extinct and surviving megafauna in Northern EurasiaAnthony Stuart Slides | Audio
Recalibrating the Anthropocene: humans, megafauna and global biogeochemical cyclesFelisa Smith Slides | Audio
Predator-prey dynamics in late Pleistocene North AmericaBlaire Van Valkenburgh Slides | Audio
Megafaunal extinction and its impact on mammalian community structureKathleen Lyons Slides | Audio
Estimated loss in species, phylogenetic and functional diversity in mammals as a consequence of the Late Pleistocene and Holocene range collapses and extinctionsSøren FaurbySlides unavailable | Audio
Megafauna and ecosystem dynamics in the Plio-Pleistocene: insights from the Italian fossil recordCarlo Meloro Slides | Audio
Marine megafaunal extinctions and trophic cascades: what really happened to Steller's sea cow?James Estes Slides | Audio
Trophic downgrading: the influence of the terminal Pleistocene extinction on the North American carnivore guildMelissa I. PardiSlides unavailable | Audio

Day 2: Environmental impacts of megafaunal loss

Ecological impacts of extinction of Australia's Pleistocene megafaunaChristopher Johnson Slides | Audio
A natural experiment in keystone herbivore removal: Pleistocene extinctions, novel communities, and enhanced fire regimes in North AmericaJacquelyn Gill Slides | Audio
Temperate mountain grasslands as ghosts of megafauna pastTravis W. Knowles Slides | Audio
Nutrient dispersal by megafauna: are nutrient limitations a consequence of the Pleistocene extinctions?Chris Doughty Slides | Audio
Decline of large herbivores: impact on vegetation in terrestrial and aquatic ecosystemsLiesbeth BakkerSlides unavailable | Audio
Pre-extinction interglacial ecosystem structure - the European case and global perspectivesJens-Christian Svenning Slides | Audio
The rapid decline of Asia's megafauna and its consequences for seed dispersalAhimsa Campos-Arceiz Slides | Audio
Pleistocene megafauna extinctions: functional loss of mutualistic seed dispersal services.Mauro Galetti Slides | Audio
Reconstructing past ecological networks: the reconfiguration of seed-dispersal interactions after megafaunal extinctionMathias M. Pires Slides | Audio
Differential impacts of Pleistocene mega-herbivores on nitrogen availabilityElizabeth S. Jeffers Slides | Audio
Lateral transport of nutrients by herbivores: local impacts and global perspectivesAdam Wolf Slides | Audio
Should we bring back the European megafauna?George Monbiot Audio

Day 3: Megafauna and ecosystem function in the Anthropocene

Differential defaunation and extinction of ecological processes: consequences for ecosystems and humansRodolfo DirzoSlides unavailable | Audio
Effects of soaring elephant numbers on South African savanna habitatsGreg AsnerSlides unavailable | Audio
Low tree diversity of Central African forests: artefact of history or product of filtering by megafauna?John Terborgh Slides | Audio
Contemporary large vertebrate defaunation modulates tropical forest ecosystem servicesCarlos PeresSlides unavailable | Audio
30 years of rewilding in the Netherlands: the impact of herbivores on closed canopy forestFrans Vera Slides | Audio
Lessons and future prospects from a Pleistocene rewilding in SiberiaSergey Zimov Slides | Audio
The science of science fiction: bringing back the mammothBeth Shapiro Slides | Audio
Re-wildling visions and controversy: unsettling the conservation regimePaul JepsonVideo
Massive loss of forests elephants in central AfricaFiona Maisels Slides | Audio
Rewilding: nine key challengesMeredith Root-Bernstein Slides | Audio
Rewilding ScotlandChris Sandom Slides | Audio
A role for rewilding in English nature conservation pract ice?Keith Kirby Slides | Audio
The politics of rewilding and reintroduction: the lion and the cheetah in IndiaMaan Barua Slides | Audio
Rewilding in a crisis disciplineJosh Donlan Slides | Audio
Closing speech: Emerging thoughts on a past fit for the futureDavid MacdonaldSlides unavailable | Audio