Conversion and use of energy is the fundamental driver of many environmental problems, notably climate change. Future energy systems will need to be highly efficient and based on sustainable resources. The ECI’s energy research programme in the Lower Carbon Futures team focusses on the changes needed to deliver transitions to these systems. This will involve changes in technology, behaviour and practices, markets, policy and governance.


Our work is organised into themes each led by a senior researcher, and with extensive collaboration across the programme.

Energy Systems and Governance

Focuses on major changes to whole energy systems, including the way they are organized and how decisions are made. Led by Nick Eyre.

Projects +

Energy Demand Policy

Focuses on existing and potential policies to reduce energy demand, including work on equity and fuel poverty issues. Led by Tina Fawcett.

Projects +

Energy Monitoring and Analytics

Focuses on developments in energy and environmental monitoring. Led by Russell Layberry.

Projects +


Focuses on ways to balance supply and demand, including storage, demand response, networks and generation. Led by Philipp Grunewald.

Projects +

Smart systems, everyday life and social learning

Focuses on human dimensions of energy systems, including human-technology interfaces, the relationship between everyday practices and energy use, decision-making, social learning and the role of ICT. Led by Sarah Darby.

Projects +

Builders and Buildings

Focuses on the practices and processes of innovation in the construction industry, and its potential role in delivering and maintaining low-energy buildings. Led by Gavin Killip.

Projects +

Energy, Organisations and Society

Focuses on the dual role of organisations as energy consumers and as providers of energy-consuming goods and services. Led by Kathryn Janda.

Projects +

Transport and Mobility

Focuses on reduced energy consumption, behavioural change and socio-technical transitions towards low-carbon, clean and energy efficient transport systems. Led by Christian Brand across ECI/TSU.

Projects +

Energy news

Research outputs

Strategic review of UK energy efficiency programmes finds savings of upto 10%

A new study co-authored by Dr Nick Eyre sheds light on what works, where the gaps are, and future priorities for researchers and policy makers.

  • Jun 2015

Dr Sarah Darby reviews progress towards the planned roll-out of smart energy meters by 2020.

The report, led by Sarah Darby, was commissioned by DEFRA and gathered evidence from projects around the UK which looked into householder engagement with smart meters, evidence around changing behaviours and energy feedback among others.

  • Mar 2015
Lower Carbon Futures Team photo

Energy Programme staff

Dr Brenda BoardmanDr Brenda BoardmanEmeritus Research Fellow
Dr Christian BrandDr Christian BrandSenior Research Fellow and Associate Professor
Dr Sarah DarbyDr Sarah DarbyActing Leader, Energy Research Programme
Associate Professor
 Marina Diakonova Marina DiakonovaData Scientist In Energy Research
Dr Sven EggimannDr Sven EggimannEnergy Demand Modeller
Professor Nick EyreProfessor Nick EyreJackson Senior Research Fellow and Professor of Energy and Climate Policy
Dr Tina FawcettDr Tina FawcettSenior Researcher and Acting Deputy Leader, ECI Energy Programme
Dr Rebecca FordDr Rebecca FordResearcher and Programme Manager, The Oxford Martin Programme on Integrating Renewable Energy
Dr Julie GoodhewDr Julie GoodhewResearcher in the RealValue Project
Dr Sarah HigginsonDr Sarah HigginsonResearcher-RealValue
Dr Kathryn JandaDr Kathryn JandaSenior Researcher
Dr Gavin KillipDr Gavin KillipResearcher
Dr Russell LayberryDr Russell LayberrySenior Researcher
 Yingqi Liu Yingqi LiuResearcher - End Use Energy Demand Champion Grant
Professor Sir Chris Llewellyn SmithProfessor Sir Chris Llewellyn SmithDirector of Energy Research, University of Oxford
Dr Stefanie Reiss (née Niekamp)Dr Stefanie Reiss (née Niekamp)Researcher in the RealValue Project
 Anne Ryan Anne RyanEnergy Network Coordinator and Energy Demand Research Champion Assistant
Dr Marina TopouziDr Marina TopouziResearcher in Lower Carbon Futures

Doctoral research

Laura Brinker

Energy decisions and governance: implications of retail market design for decentralized energy resources

Supervisor: Prof. Nick Eyre; Dr Matthew Lockwood (University of Exeter)

Samuel Hampton

Understanding energy demand: energy using practices and energy services

Supervisors: Dr Sarah Darby; Dr Tina Fawcett; Prof. Nick Eyre

Xiawei Liao

Identifying and understanding changes in water-energy linkage for China

Supervisors: Prof. Nick Eyre; Prof. Jim Hall

Yingqi Liu

Residential Demand Response (DR) in the UK: the potential in low carbon energy transformation, social implication and interaction with energy efficiency

Supervisors: Dr Sarah Darby; Prof. Nick Eyre

Scott MacDonald

An international comparison of voluntary green electricity tariffs

Supervisor: Prof. Nick Eyre

Samuel Miller McDonald

Egalitarian Energy: Challenges to Neoliberal Discourse in Distributed Community Energy Programs

Supervisors: Prof. Nick Eyre; Dr James Palmer

Kiron Neale

Beyond implementation: mainstreaming solar energy into Trinidad's residential sector

Supervisors: Dr Chris Jardine; Prof. Nick Eyre

Jose Ramirez Mendiola

The pathway to a sustainable energy infrastructure system

Supervisors: Prof. Nick Eyre; Prof. Jim Hall

Aven Satre Meloy

Dimensions of residential energy demand: an analysis of factors influencing energy consumption and flexibility in US and UK households

Supervisors: Prof. Nick Eyre; Dr Philipp Grnewald

Oxford University Energy Network
Oxford University Climate Network