Metering, Billing and Displays
Most householders have only a vague idea of how much energy they are using for different purposes, hence the importance of making energy flows more visible and controllable. There is a lot of interest in the potential for better feedback using improved ('smart') metering, more informative billing and direct display panels. This review considers what is known about the effectiveness of different types of feedback, with a focus on how people change their behaviour.
- The effectiveness of feedback on energy consumption [PDF: 315KB]
A review for DEFRA of the literature on metering, billing and direct displays.
- Appendix material [PDF: 100KB]