This project seeks uses case studies to investigate and identify key factors that determine the current carbon actions taken by non-nation state actors in China, and to examine the implications of these activities for developing a post-2012 climate regime that can effectively engage China. The research will lay the foundation for developing subsequent grant applications to undertake larger sample surveys of cities and firms to test hypotheses that emerge from the case study research.
The overall objective is twofold: first, to understand the roles of these non-nation state actors and the incentives and barriers that underlie the strategies and actions being undertaken, and second, to evaluate different options to address climate change and derive implications for designing a climate regime that can effectively engage China. Possible key outcome drivers include the financial, discursive, moral, regulatory, knowledge, environmental and technical factors which provide incentives for actions and the informational, ideological, institutional, practical, and economic factors which enable or constrain actions. Interviews will focus on discussion of specific actions (or inaction) to improve energy efficiency or promote renewable energy in major and rapidly growing sectors such as power, industry, transport, and construction. The analytical approach is interdisciplinary, applying insights from political science, economics, sociology, and organization theory