Fieldwork in Peru was undertaken in Posada Amazonas, which is located in the buffer zone of the Tambopata National Reserve, a 1,366,106-hectare reserve of mostly tropical forest in southeastern Peru. The Tambopata-Candamo is one of the world's most diverse wildlife areas and one of the best preserved.
To reach Posada Amazonas, flights from the Andean city of Cuzco to the Amazonian small town of Puerto Maldonado have to be taken. From this port, travel by road and boat is needed to get to the lodge. Posada Amazonas is owned by the Esse 'ejja indigenous group, native of the Amazonian region.
The Esse 'ejja Native Community of Infierno is an indigenous group in Peru whose ancestral homeland is located on the Tambopata River in the Madre de Dios region - one of the world's biodiversity hotspots. The Department of Madre de Dios in southeastern Peru is a region of lowland Amazon rainforest, at the foothills of the Andes. Currently, the Native Community of Infierno is a mixed Esse ejja indigenous ethnic group and Quechua-speaking colonists from the Andes. The Ese'eja Native Community was the first community to receive legal title to 9,558 hectares of land on both sides of the Tambopata River. The community set aside roughly 3,000 hectares as a communal reserve where hunting, logging, forestry, or any other type of resource extraction were prohibited. In this sense, indigenous tourism is the main activity for the native community to provide social, environmental and economic benefits.