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 School of Geography and the Environment

Dr Gavin Killip

Gavin Killip


Senior Researcher


t: 01865 285162


ECI Energy Research Theme

Gavin has a BA in Linguistics from York University and an MSc in Architecture: Advanced Environmental and Energy Studies from the University of East London, in association with the Centre for Alternative Technology. He joined the ECI in 2004 after working for 10 years on energy efficiency and building-integrated renewable energy projects in the voluntary and public sectors. He has reduced energy consumption and CO2 emissions in his own 1908 home by 60% through major refurbishment.

Below, Gavin Killip presents some key findings from research on low-energy housing renovation, based on interviews with innovative small builders in the UK.

Research Interests

I am interested in finding solutions for a more sustainable built environment. I take a broad 'socio-technical systems' approach to investigating how technology and behaviour evolve and affect each other, with the ultimate goal of proposing positive change by understanding better the workings of complex systems.

Most of my research focus has been on existing housing in the context of climate change mitigation - investigating how 2050 climate change targets might be met through the markets for property (sales and rentals) and repair, maintenance and improvement (RMI). This involves economic transactions, flows of information at many different levels, and challenges for many existing institutions. I aim to make my research relevant to policy.

Current Projects

  • Oxfordshire's Low-Carbon Economy report: now published and launched officially on 8 December 2014
  • Build Up Skills: working with local and national organisations on the development of a curriculum on energy efficiency for the UK construction industry.
  • Carbon Reduction for Housing Managers (CRoHM). Developing tools for social landlords to better understand and manage energy use in their housing stocks. Funded by Innovate UK (formerly Technology Strategy Board).
  • Sustainable Pathways to Low Carbon Energy (SPLiCE). A project with various academic and industry partners, jointly funded by Department for Environment, Farming and Rural Affairs (DEFRA).

Recent Publications

  • Killip, G. (2012) Beyond the Green Deal: Market Transformation for low-carbon housing refurbishment in the UK.. Retrofit 2012 conference, University of Salford.
  • Janda, K.B. and Killip, G. (2010) Building Expertise: A System of Professions Approach to Low-Carbon Practice.. EASST 2010: Practicing Science and Technology, Performing the Social, Trento, Italy. European Association for the Study of Science and Technology, 2-4 September.
  • Killip, G. (2010) Innovation in service markets for a low-carbon future and the privileged status of policy in shaping sociotechnical change: lessons from housing refurbishment in the UK., SPRU, University of Sussex, UK. Paper presented at the Energy transitions conference, February 2010.
  • Hamilton, J. and Killip, G. (2009) Demonstration, inspiration … replication? Assessing the impact and limits of social learning from Eco-homes Open Days in the UK.. at ECEEE Summer Study, La Colle sur Loup, European Council for an Energy Efficient Economy. Poster presentation..
  • Killip, G. (2008) Climate change and the existing housing stock. Chartered Institute of Housing. pp. 253. ISBN: 9781905018604.
  • Killip, G. (2008) It's the Size of the Reduction Target, Stupid! The Need for a Wholesale Re-Think of Energy Efficiency Policy in UK Housing. American Council for an Energy Efficient Economy (ACEEE). ACEEE Summer Study on Energy Efficiency in Buildings.
  • Killip, G. and University of Oxford (2008) Building a Greener Britain: Transforming the UK's Existing Housing Stock.Ingram, J. (ed.) Environmental Change Institute (ECI). 35 pp.
  • Hinnells, M., Boardman, B., Darby, S., Killip, G. and Layberry, R. (2007) Transforming UK homes: achieving a 60 % cut in carbon emissions by 2050.. ECEEE Summer Study, paper 5356, Nice, European Council for an Energy Efficient Economy.
  • Palmer, J, Boardman, B., Bottrill, C., Darby, S., Hinnells, M., Killip, G., Layberry, R. and Lovell, H. (2006) Reducing the environmental impact of housing. Final Report, Consultancy study in support of the Royal Commission on Environmental Pollutions 26th Report on the Urban Environment..
  • Boardman, B., Darby, S., Killip, G., Hinnells, M., Jardine, C., Palmer, J. and Sinden, G. (2005) 40% House.. Environmental Change Institute. Research Report 31.